# Informative Division Strategies Activity for 3rd-grade

Are you searching for and **informative division strategies activity** that's also engaging? In my personal experience there are not a lot of activities that cover the division strategies. Especially activities in which students are actually engaged.

What are division strategies you say? Well, Just in case you didn't know, division strategies are methods that students can use for solving division equations. For division facts 1-10 or 1-12 students can use **equal groups**, **arrays**, **repeated subtraction**, **fact families**, and **skip counting**.

## Division Strategies: Equal Groups

Like multiplication strategies, the first **division strategy** that should be introduced is equal groups. Equal groups consist of equal groups of one object equally divided to create the divisor.

An easy way for students to use equal groups is to draw the amount of circles of the **divisor**. Then, students will place a dot in each circle until they reach the amount of the **dividend**. After all the student has reached the number of the **dividend**, count the number in the circles and that is the **quotient**. As shown below, the **dividend** is 36 and is divided equally into four groups of 9..

**36 objects** divided equally into **4 groups** equals **4 groups of 9**.

**36 ÷ 4 = 9**

## Division Strategies: Arrays

When teaching students to use **arrays**, divide the rows in the array. In the array, the number of shapes is the **dividend** and the number in each row is the **divisor**. So, that means the number of rows is the **quotient**.

Relating what students know about using arrays to solve a multiplication problem can also help with understanding when using them for division.

**12 objects** divided equally into **4 different rows** equals **3 on each row.**

**12 ÷ 3 = 4**

## Division Strategies: Repeated Subtraction

**Repeated subtraction** is the process of subtracting the **divisor **from** dividend** until you get to zero. The amount of times that the **divisor** is subtracted gives you the **quotient**. As you can see below, 4 is the divisor in this division sentence. So, 4 can be subtracted from 16 equally 4 times.

**4** can be **s****ubtracted** from **16** equally **4 times**

**16 ÷ 4 = 4**

## Fact Families a Division Strategy

Fact families are math facts or equations using related factors. If students know their multiplication facts, then they should be able to build on that knowledge and

If you can solve a **multiplication sentence**, you can solve a **division sentence**.

**If you can solve 3** **× ****4 = 12 and 4 × 3 = 12,**

**then you can solve 12 ÷ 3 = 4 and 12 ÷ 4 = 3.**

## Skip Counting a Division Strategy

Skip counting is pretty straight forward. Students will skip count in a pattern using the divisor until they reach the dividend. The number of times that were skip counted using the divisor is the quotient.

As you can see in the flip book below, the skip counts were labeled with arrows for students to easily identify how many skip counts they take, but the multiples can also be counted themselves.

**4, 8, ____, ____, ____, ____, 28**

**28 ÷ 4 = 7**

## Informative Division Strategies Flip Book

Flip books are a big hit! The division strategies flip book can be viewed in the photographs on this page.

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