Third Grade Math Archives - Page 2 of 3 - Raven Cruz

Category Archives for Third Grade Math

Cheap Properties of Multiplication Tools to Stop the Agony

I love flip books! I especially love quality flip books that truly help third-grade students comprehend a difficult standard. These flip books are cheap properties of multiplication tools to stop the agony in your centers, etc...

I promise, I am not tooting my own horn! These flip books guide students, step-by-step, through the commutative property, associative property, and distributive property of multiplication.


Properties of multiplication 3rd-grade

Properties of Multiplication Flip Book

As noted above, these flip books guide students through the commutative, associative, and distributive property of multiplication.

First, the definition is written in terms that students can understand.

Then, The students are shown what the definition means.

Next, a tip is given so students further conceptualize what they just read.

Last, the flip books allow students to "try it for themselves".

Where to use the Flip Books

Many people use the flip books in interactive notebooks for students to reference when they need them. This is a great idea and, in my opinion, very beneficial.

Alternatively, I personally like the idea of putting them at math center stations and in math toolboxes. The flip books can be just as beneficial as multiplication charts.

The Commutative Property of Multiplication 

The commutative property of multiplication states that the order of the factors (numbers) does not matter the product will be the same. 

For example:

5 × 7 = 7 × 5

As you can see, the numbers can move, but the answer will be the same.

The Associative Property of Multiplication 

The associative property of multiplication states that the grouping of a multiplication sentence does not matter, the product will be the same. So in other words, the parenthesis can move on each side of the number sentence, but the numbers do not change places.

For example:

3 × (5 × 7) = (3 × 5) × 7

Notice how the parenthesis are what changes the grouping in the multiplication sentence. The product will in fact be the same, and the numbers DO NOT change places.

The Distributive Property of Multiplication 

The distributive property of multiplication states that when a number is multiplied by the sum of two numbers, the first can be distributed to both of those and multiplied by each separately, then adding the two products together.

First, we "break-up" one of the factors to make it easier for 3rd-graders to multiply. If a student is given the multiplication sentence 8 × 16, it is much easier for the student to "break up" the factor 16

For example:

8 × (10 + 6)

Next, the student will distribute the 8 to the addends and write a new equation.

(8 × 10) + (8 × 6)

Last, solve the equation.

80 + 48 = 128

As you can see, "breaking-up" the factor 16 and distributing the 8 to each addend made the problem much easier to solve. A student does not necessarily have to break 16 up into 10 and 6, but it most cases it is the logical way.

You may also like this Properties of Multiplication Task Card blog post.


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Properties of Multiplication Task Cards

What's so great about these properties of multiplication task cards? Personally, I think it is because they come with interactive notebook inserts. Plus, they break down the commutative, associative, and distributive property down for third-grade students to understand.

If you use the task cards for math centers, you can print them on card-stock and laminate. These two steps help with durability and in turn save money because you don't have to reproduce them so often. Alternately, if you don't print them on card-stock, you can always print them on colored paper.

On an opposite note, the properties of multiplication can be a hard task for third-grade students. Third-grade is a hard year (in my professional opinion) for math altogether. Consequently, this is why I worked hard to develop an engaging and useful resource to help reinforce teachers' properties of multiplication curriculum in third-grade.


Properties of multiplication task cards for third-grade math.

The resource comes with the three required properties: commutative, associative, and distributive, as well as an interactive notebook insert.
Properties of multiplication task cards for third-grade math.
Properties of multiplication task cards and interactive notebook for third-grade math.

The Commutative Property of Multiplication

The commutative property of multiplication states that the order of the factors (numbers) does not matter the product will be the same. 

For example:

5 × 7 = 7 × 5

As you can see, the numbers can move, but the answer will be the same.

Properties of multiplication task cards for third-grade math.
Properties of multiplication task cards for third-grade math.

The Associative Property of Multiplication

The associative property of multiplication states that the grouping of a multiplication sentence does not matter, the product will be the same. So in other words, the parenthesis can move on each side of the number sentence, but the numbers do not change places.

For example:

3 × (5 × 7) = (3 × 5) × 7

Notice how the parenthesis are what changes the grouping in the multiplication sentence. The product will in fact be the same, and the numbers DO NOT change places.

Properties of multiplication task cards for third-grade math printed on colored paper.
Properties of multiplication task cards and interactive notebook for third-grade math.

The Distributive Property of Multiplication

The distributive property of multiplication states that when a number is multiplied by the sum of two numbers, the first can be distributed to both of those and multiplied by each separately, then adding the two products together.

First, we "break-up" one of the factors to make it easier for 3rd-graders to multiply. If a student is given the multiplication sentence 8 × 16, it is much easier for the student to "break up" the factor 16

For example:

8 × (10 + 6)

Next, the student will distribute the 8 to the addends and write a new equation.

(8 × 10) + (8 × 6)

Last, solve the equation.

80 + 48 = 128

As you can see, "breaking-up" the factor 16 and distributing the 8 to each addend made the problem much easier to solve. A student does not necessarily have to break 16 up into 10 and 6, but it most cases it is the logical way.


WAIT! You may also enjoy the distributive property of multiplication freebie in this blog post
Distributive property of multiplication task cards with photo box.
Distributive property of multiplication task cards for 3rd-grade.

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Distributive Property of Multiplication Freebie

I love getting free quality math resources! Seriously, being a teacher can be expensive! Plus, we love to spend money on our students so when we can save money -- we need to do it. Not only will this distributive property of multiplication freebie for third-grade math save you money, it is truly a helpful freebie.

The properties of multiplication are hard enough to teach, I want to provide something engaging + useful for teachers to use with their curriculum. The task cards work great in math centers, math rotations, etc...

By the way, if you like free resources, sign up for my email list. I love giving my fellow teachers and homeschool parents free resources and tips for their elementary classroom. My email list subscribers get exclusive freebies that aren't available anyone else.


Distributive property of multiplication task cards for 3rd-grade.

The Distributive Property of Multiplication Task Cards

You can grab this free distributive property resource in my Teachers Pay Teachers store. The free resource is a sneak peek into what comes in the full Properties of Multiplication Task Card product.

Distributive property of multiplication task cards for 3rd-grade.
Distributive property of multiplication task cards for 3rd-grade.

The Distributive Property of Multiplication

The distributive property of multiplication states that when a number is multiplied by the sum of two numbers, the first can be distributed to both of those and multiplied by each separately, then adding the two products together.

First, we "break-up" one of the factors to make it easier for 3rd-graders to multiply. If a student is given the multiplication sentence 8 × 16, it is much easier for the student to "break up" the factor 16

For example:

8 × (10 + 6)

Next, the student will distribute the 8 to the addends and write a new equation.

(8 × 10) + (8 × 6)

Last, solve the equation.

80 + 48 = 128

As you can see, "breaking-up" the factor 16 and distributing the 8 to each addend made the problem much easier to solve. A student does not necessarily have to break 16 up into 10 and 6, but it most cases it is the logical way.

You may also like this blog post about the full Properties of Multiplication Task Card resource

Properties of multiplication task cards for 3rd-grade math.
Properties of multiplication task cards for 3rd-grade math.

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If you enjoy getting FREE quality elementary math resources + tips in your email-box, sign up for my monthly freebies and newsletter below. The freebies are EXCLUSIVE to my email subscribers.

Hanukkah Activities for Math

The struggle is real when it comes to finding Hanukkah activities for math. I absolutely LOVE these Hanukkah multiplication and division color by number worksheets because there are not a lot of Hanukkah-themed math resources available. Plus, they are also SUPER CUTE and SUPER COLORFUL!

Color by number worksheets are always a big hit! I cannot tell you how many teachers say, "my students LOVED THESE!"


Hanukkah activities for math in 3rd-grade.

Hanukkah Multiplication Color by Number Worksheets

The Hanukkah multiplication color by number worksheets cover products 1-10. You get eight worksheets with anywhere from 7 - 10 products per page. Like with the division worksheets below, some worksheets have products paired with similar factors. For example: 2 and 4, 3 and 6, 4 and 8, 5 and 10, and so on...

Multiplication Hanukkah activities for math.
Hanukkah multiplication color by number activity for 3rd-grade and 4th-grade.

Hanukkah Division Color by Number Worksheets

With the Hanukkah division color by number resource you get 8 worksheets with quotients 1-10. Every worksheet varies on what facts it contains; there can be anywhere from 7 - 10 quotients per worksheet. If a quotient gets paired with another quotient, they otherwise pair well together. For example: 2 and 4, 3 and 6, 4 and 8, 5 and 10, and so on...

Hanukkah multiplication color by number worksheets for 3rd-grade and 4th-grade.
Hanukkah multiplication color by number worksheets for 3rd-grade and 4th-grade.

Where to use these Hanukkah Activities for Math

Clearly, color by number worksheets are easy to prep, too. So, where can you use the "easy prep" Hanukkah color by number worksheets? Well, to each their own, but I will provide a few ideas.

  • Math Centers
  • Math Rotations
  • Sub Tubs
  • Practice
  • Early Finishers
  • Homework
  • Rewards (trust me kiddos love them)
  • Intervention
  • Make-Up Work

Without a doubt, these worksheets work well in math centers and math rotations. The prep level is low and students can check them their selves with an answer key. 

In addition to math centers, these worksheets are GREAT for sub tubs. Each worksheet offers an engaging and exciting opportunity for students to enjoy themselves while their teacher is gone.

When students are good or they finish early, the winter multiplication color by number worksheets offer an incentive or reward for their AMAZING behavior.

Last, the winter multiplication color by number worksheets work great for practice and homework. Multiplication fluency is important and homework does not have to be monotonous and boring!

Hanukkah division worksheets.
Hanukkah division worksheets.

What Pictures are Included with the Hanukkah Worksheets

As stated above, there are eight worksheets in each resource. The pictures that are included can be viewed in the photos, but are also listed below.

  • Celebration Challah Bread
  • Hanukkah Celebration
  • Hanukkah Gelt and Dreidels
  • Menorah
  • Star of David
  • Sufganoit
  • Torah Scroll

Each worksheet is colorful, creative, and sure to be a big hit! 

Hanukkah division worksheets.
Hanukkah division worksheets.

You may also like this post about Winter Multiplication Color by Number

Winter multiplication color by number worksheets for 3rd-grade and 4th-grade.

Multiplication Color by Number Worksheets for Winter

Winter is in the air, well... where I live anyway! I love using activities that get students in a cheerful mood and serve a dual purpose, like multiplication fluency practice. These multiplication color by number worksheets for winter check both of those boxes.

Also, color-by-number worksheets are always a HUGE HIT!


Winter multiplication color by number worksheets for 3rd-grade.

Winter multiplication color by number worksheets for 3rd-grade.
Winter multiplication color by number worksheets for 3rd-grade.

Where to use the Winter Color by Number Worksheets

Clearly, color by number worksheets are easy to prep, too. So, where can you use the "easy prep" winter color by number worksheets? Well, to each their own, but I will provide a few ideas.

  • Math Centers
  • Math Rotations
  • Sub Tubs
  • Practice
  • Early Finishers
  • Homework
  • Rewards (trust me kiddos love them)
  • Intervention
  • Make-Up Work

Without a doubt, these worksheets work well in math centers and math rotations. The prep level is low and students can check them their selves with an answer key. 

In addition to math centers, these worksheets are GREAT for sub tubs. Each worksheet offers an engaging and exciting opportunity for students to enjoy themselves while their teacher is gone.

Plus, when students are good or they finish early, the winter multiplication color by number worksheets offer an incentive or reward for their AMAZING behavior.

Last, the winter multiplication color by number worksheets work great for practice and homework. Multiplication fluency is important and homework does not have to be monotonous and boring!


Winter multiplication color by number worksheets for 3rd-grade.
Winter multiplication color by number worksheets for 3rd-grade.

What's Included in Winter Worksheets Version 1

Due to the fact that I am obsessed with color by number worksheets, I have two versions. Read about the first version below.

Version 1 includes eight worksheets with multiplication facts 1-10. The descriptions of the worksheet pictures are listed below:

  • Polar Bear
  • Snow Globe
  • Train
  • Sleigh
  • Penguin
  • Bell
  • Snowman
  • Hot Cocoa

The difference between version 1 and version 2 is the amount of multiplication problems. Version 2 has fewer multiplication problems and more colors. Alternately, version 2 has fewer colors and more problems.

Basically, the choice boils down to an individual need or preference. Check out the photographs below to see more of version 2

Winter multiplication color by number worksheets for 3rd-grade.
Winter multiplication color by number worksheets for 3rd-grade.

What's Included in Winter Worksheets Version 2

Next, version 2 includes eight worksheets with facts 1-10. The descriptions are listed below:

  • Snowman
  • Penguin 1
  • Polar Bear
  • Penguin 2
  • Igloo
  • Mittens and Scarf
  • Hot Cocoa
  • Cardinal

Again, as described above, version 2 has more colors with fewer problems. 

Winter multiplication color by number worksheets for 3rd-grade.
Winter multiplication color by number worksheets for 3rd-grade.

If you enjoyed this you may also like this post.

Christmas multiplication color by number worksheets.

Christmas multiplication color by number worksheets.


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Operations and Algebraic Thinking Freebie for 3rd-Grade

Being a teacher can be EXPENSIVE! For that reason, I try to offer freebies that truly add value to classrooms and homeschools. No pressure, just genuine desire to offer standards-based resources that add value.

This operations and algebraic thinking freebie for 3rd-grade math checks all of those boxes. The freebie itself offers enough value that I could charge for it, but I refuse for TWO reasons: 1) I love helping teachers and want to provide them with engaging + quality choices; 2) I do not want a teacher to make an investment on a resource without them knowing if the resource will work for them.

Why would someone cheat a teacher? Someone who spends their days selflessly teaching everyone's kids from politicians down to the lowest socioeconomically challenged student.  


Task card freebie for Operations and Algebraic Thinking.

What's Included in the Operations and Algebraic Thinking Freebie

Task card freebie for Operations and Algebraic Thinking.
Task card freebie for Operations and Algebraic Thinking.

Included in the freebie are task cards from each of the resources listed below. One task card from each resource will be available.

Each resource is hyper-linked separately and by volume. The resources are separated into their specific volumes. Task cards are not all that come in each volume, though. Each volume also comes with a flip book and multiplication and/or division task cards.

Also, I highly suggest considering the MEGA BUNDLE. You get free updates! That means when I add another resource, upgrade a resource, etc... you will be able to re-download for free as the original purchaser. Plus, you get a $30 discount making each resource in the bundle under $2.

If you tried the freebie and want the MEGA BUNDLE or just want to skip the freebie and grab the value, click the button above and it will take you straight to the MEGA BUNDLE.

How to use the Algebraic Thinking Task Card Freebie

I think task cards are often boring and overdone. I myself have made task cards I am not proud of. However, these task cards offer content rich value to your classroom. 

Consequently, I use the term task card lightly. You can use them for many things. One customer even uses them for exit tickets.

Honestly, I feel that the task cards work best in math centers and rotations. They offer students a short task, problem-solving exercise, or fun activity to accomplish during their math centers. 

Task card freebie for Operations and Algebraic Thinking.
Task card freebie for Operations and Algebraic Thinking.

How to use the MEGA BUNDLE

My instructions for the mega bundle are similar to the advice I provided on the freebie.

Though, I would like to add that the mega bundle includes more than task cards. The bundle also includes flip books for every volume included, multiplication charts, and a multiplication fact tracker. The above-mentioned work SUPER WELL in math toolboxes and math centers.

Below I will add a few photographs of the MEGA BUNDLE for you to browse. You can get a better look at the extra additions here on my blog as opposed to my tpt store because I have more space.

Multiplication strategies task cards printed on colored paper.
Multiplication strategies flip book printed on colored paper.
Volume 1:  Multiplication Strategies Task Cards and flip book.
Division fact fluency task cards printed on colored paper.
Division fact fluency flip book printed on colored paper.
Division Fact Task Cards and Division Fluency Flip Book.
Multiplication wheel task cards printed on colored paper.
Multiplication fact fluency flip book printed on colored paper.
Multiplication Wheel Task Cards and Multiplication Fluency Flip Book Facts 0-10

If you enjoyed this post, you may also enjoy this one as well.


Identifying Arithmetic Patterns in 3rd-Grade

Identifying arithmetic patterns in 3rd-grade using the four operations does not have to be a complicated concept for students. 

I have created two different activities to help students creatively identify arithmetic patterns. The first activity is task cards using the four operations table and the second is using a multiplication chart to identify multiples and patterns.

Controversially,  I am not going to lie, task cards are overdone. As a math teacher, I see so many task cards that "kinda" get the job done, and some that probably don't.

Alternately, there are some AMAZING standards-based task cards that obviously took much creativity and thought.

With both of these factors in mind, I created two sets of task cards that I truly feel add value and simplicity to identifying arithmetic pattern math centers for 3rd-grade math.


Identifying arithmetic pattern task cards for 3rd-grade math.

Arithmetic Patterns Using the Four Operations

The set of task cards shown below teach students how to find arithmetic patterns using the four operations by using a given rule. These task cards work well in math centers and math rotations because students can complete and check them independently. 

I feel like these task cards step out of the 12, 15, ____, 21, 24... "find the missing number in the pattern". However, this objective has it's place, I just want to give teachers something their curriculum doesn't provide.

Click the photograph to visit the resource and decide if it's right for your class.

Identifying arithmetic pattern task cards for 3rd-grade math.
Identifying arithmetic pattern task cards for 3rd-grade math.

Arithmetic Patterns Using Multiplication Charts

Next, task cards Identifying arithmetic patterns using multiplication charts. These task cards ask students to use the multiplication chart to find the multiples of each number. Then, ask the student to list any patterns that they notice.

Students are able to practice their problem solving skills as well as there number sense.

Like the task cards above, these work well in math centers and rotations. Teachers can write out an answer card with possible answers and students can check their work if needed.

Also, the multiplication charts are multi-purpose. You can use them for SO MANY other things in your classroom; math toolboxes, math centers, intervention, activities, etc...

Click the photograph to visit the resource and decide if it's right for your class.

Identifying arithmetic pattern task cards for 3rd-grade math.
Identifying arithmetic pattern task cards for 3rd-grade math.

If you like this post, you may also enjoy this one.

Multiplication and division centers for 3rd-grade.

Multiplication and Division Centers for 3rd Grade


Math Flip Books for 3rd-Grade

Flip books make me HAPPY! Math flip books for 3rd-grade make me SUPER HAPPY

I don't know about you, but I get excited when I know it is flip book construction day. First of all, students are always excited when they see flip books. Second of all, students' happiness is contagious and helps get me excited. Last, flip books are great reference tools for interactive notebooks and even math toolboxes.


Math flip books for 3rd-grade.

Math flip books for 3rd-grade.
Math flip books for 3rd-grade.

Multiplication Strategies

Strategies of multiplication flip book printed on colored paper.
Strategies of multiplication flip book printed on colored paper.

Multiplication strategies covered with the flip book include: equal groups, arrays, repeated addition, number lines, skip counting.

Each strategy has 3 examples and a definition. For example, equal groups includes a model of 4 equal groups of 4, explains that "4 groups of 4 equals 16", and a number sentence that explains 4 x 4 = 16 (see the photo above).

This flip book is the #1 BEST SELLER in my Teachers Pay Teachers store!

Multiplication Fluency

Multiplication fluency flip book with facts 0-10 and 0-12 printed on colored paper.
Multiplication fluency flip book with facts 0-10 and 0-12 printed on colored paper.

The multiplication fluency flip books have been constructed to introduce multiplication facts in the order in which I prefer to teach them. Based on the study of teaching the easiest facts first; 0, 1, 5, and 10. Next, 2, 4, and 8. Next, 3, 6, and 9. Last, the facts for 7 (see the photo above).

Students are asked to say the multiplication sentence then, write the multiplication sentence. In this step you could also encourage you students to use the commutative property to write the multiplication sentence in another way.

The multiplication fluency flip book covers facts 0-10 and recently added by request, facts 0-12.

This flip book is the SECOND BEST SELLER in my Teachers Pay Teachers store (which is amazing because it is one of my newer resources).

C.U.B.E.S Math Strategy

C.U.B.E.S. math strategy flip book printed on colored paper

C.U.B.E.S. math strategy is commonly used to teach students how to deconstruct word problems to make them easier to solve.

Circle all the important numbers, underline the question, box all the important math words, evaluate the important words that you may have left out and eliminate what you don't need, and solve the word problem.

This flip book is a compact way for students to review the steps at home or at school. Plus, I always think providing parents with manipulatives to help their kiddos reinforce what they are being taught is a FABULOUS THING! AND this flip book is not 3rd-grade specific so it can be used for many years.

Properties of Multiplication

Properties of multiplication flip book for 3rd grade.
Properties of multiplication flip book for 3rd grade.

My personal favorite flip book, and the most difficult for me to create is the properties of multiplication flip book. This flip book covers the commutative property of multiplication, associative property of multiplication, and the distributive property of multiplication.

Each flap includes a definition, example, and a place for students to finish the problem (see photo above).

This flip book is the THIRD BEST SELLER (out of over 200 resources) in my Teachers Pay Teachers store.

Division Fluency

Division fluency math flip book with facts 1-10 printed on colored paper.
Division fluency math flip book with facts 1-10 printed on colored paper.

Like the multiplication fluency flip books, the division fluency flip books have been constructed to introduce division facts in the order in which I prefer to teach them. Based on the study of teaching the easiest facts first; 1, 5, and 10. Next, 2, 4, and 8. Next, 3, 6, and 9. Last, the facts for (see the photo above).

Students are asked to say the division sentence then, write the division sentence.

Coming Soon:  Division Strategies


If you enjoyed this article, you may also like this post about multiplication and division task cards.

Easter Math Worksheets

The spring and Easter season is here! Check out these Easter math worksheets just for the occasion. They come with task cards and games designed specifically for 3rd grade Mathematics standards. The bundle is GROWING bigger different objectives by the day so grab them now and SAVE! You can also purchase the bundles separately. 

So far the bundles cover two-step word problems using the four operations, using equations with a letter, multiplication and division fact families, and  recognizing fractions as part of a whole, the difference between the numerator and denominator, understand that fractions can be represented on a number line, represent a fraction from 0 to 1, divide fractions into equal parts on a number line.

Third-grade Easter and Spring Math Worksheet and Center Bundle

The Math Bundle for Spring & Easter

The bundle at the time of writing this blog has 3 products. With that said, it will be growing until I start creating resources for summer. You can read in the paragraph above about what objectives the bundle cover or read more about each below. As I update the bundle, I will update this blog post explaining what I added.

Third-grade Easter and Spring Math Worksheet and Center Bundle
Third-grade Easter and Spring Math Worksheet and Center Bundle

Learning Fractions 

The dreaded "F" word. Fractions don't have to be so bad! The fraction bundle comes with worksheets, task cards, and a game. They game (shown in the photos below) is a fraction recognition and matching game. I print the game on heavy paper or card stock, laminate the game on my personal laminator (I have a cheap $30 Scotch laminator), and use hook and loop dots to stick the pieces to the cards. The cards fit perfectly in the 3" by 4" containers from the dollar store.

Third-grade Easter Fraction matching game in colorful containers purchased from the dollar store.

The game cards fit perfectly in these 3" by 4" containers from the dollar store.

The task cards included in the fraction bundle require students to identify the shaded portion of a fraction. I purposely did not theme the task cards or game so that teachers can reuse them throughout the year. You can see the task cards in the photo below.

Third-grade Easter identifying fractions task cards to engage students.

There are 4 worksheets in the fraction bundle as  you can see below. The worksheets cover recognizing fractions as part of a whole, the difference between the numerator and denominator, understand that fractions can be represented on a number line, represent a fraction from 0 to 1, divide fractions into equal parts on a number line .

Third-grade Easter and Spring Math Worksheet and Center Bundle

Last, the fractions bundle aligns with standards 3.NF.A.1, 3.NF.A.2, 3.NF.A.2.A, and 3.NF.A.2.B, but will meet many state and district standards as well. The worksheets are not bogged down with a bunch of repetitive questions. I feel like this is an important feature in a resource because there are only so many hours that we have our students per day and 40 worksheets about fractions is not beneficial. If you have time for 40 fraction worksheets - you need to let the world in on your secret for time management!

JK! Truly though, we don't want to bog our students down with all that busy work either. That is why the bundles come with task cards and games instead of just worksheets or printables.

Multiplication and Division Fact Families

Multiplication and division fact families are one of my things to teach as well as make resources. Alternately, there are also a ton of resources out there for multiplication and division fluency. All each as cute as the next. I am not trying to sell you my resource saying it has this new strategy that no one else has. Nope! What is does have is efficiency and affordability. You don't need 50 different worksheets to teach fluency for multiplication and division, though there are enough out there. 

There are five worksheets in the bundle and a set of missing factor task cards. They touch on the things you need for this standard and add a little spring to your class without costing you a small fortune for 50 worksheets you won't use.

Third-grade Easter and Spring Math Worksheet and Center Bundle
Third-grade Easter two-step word problem task cards stored in an affordable photo box.

Two-Step Word Problems and Equations

The two-step word problem bundle comes with worksheets and task cards to get students ready for algebra. Third-grade is the level  that the objective to represent word problems using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity is introduced. Below are the task cards that help students prepare to compose these word problems. In this case, repetition helps renew the memory files and preps the students to become familiar with these type of problems.

There several AMAZING word problem methods around to reinforce students ability to break down and understand word problems. My personal favorite is the CUBES method. It is not my personal method, so you will have to research that for yourself, but I find it is very beneficial in helping students again, break down the word problems.

Third-grade Easter and Spring Math Worksheet and Center Bundle

Below are four worksheets included in the bundle. There are three with diverse types of two-step word problems using the four operations. Jelly Bean Party and Marshmallow Bunnies (worksheets) would be perfect for a guided math lesson or rotations. Easter Egg Fun is the same kind of two-step word problem worksheet, but it has two word problems that tie in to each other and end up having the same answer. The fourth is a color by number division worksheet to be used for fluency practice or a differentiated option in the case that a teacher needs an option for other students that are not ready for the other three choices.

Third-grade Easter and Spring Math Worksheet and Center Bundle

Last in the bundle are these task cards pictured below. I am a certified mid/level math teacher (means I can teach up to Algebra 2 and Geometry) so I am not blowing smoke when I say it is VERY important to have a strong algebra base for students to struggle less with each consecutive year. Like I said above, 3rd grade is the level in which algebra problems like these are introduced and will just get more difficult each school year.

The standard requires the word problems be composed using letters or variables standing for an unknown quantity. Also, this is where the beginning of the order of operations is introduced. As you can see in the photograph below the task cards include questions representing both objectives. For instance "9 × 9 + 9 =" is an entry level order of operations question. It does not require students to solve parenthesis first or use PEMDAS, but it does get them familiar with multi-step problems.

Third-grade Easter two-step word problem task cards stored in an affordable photo box.

Feel free to click on the photo below to visit the entire bundle and browse my store. I have many more 2nd-4th grade math resources as well as a few Pre-Algebra resources.

--Raven Cruz

Third-grade Easter Math fractions game with multiplication and division task cards in photo boxes for storage.

Photo by Raven Cruz. The task cards from the bundle all fit perfectly in these colorful photo boxes. The game fits in these pretty dollar store boxes.

5 Strategies for Teaching Multiplication With Ease

There are 5 multiplication strategies I use for teaching multiplication with ease. These multiplication strategies include; grouping, arrays, repeated addition, skip counting, or number lines

Read more about the multiplication strategies below. Also, see my resource that compliments theses strategies.

Use these 5 strategies to teach your students grouping, arrays, repeated addition, number lines, and skip counting.

Multiplication by Grouping

The first multiplication strategy is learning multiplication by grouping is the process of separating objects into equal groups. Most commonly when using equal groups, repeated addition is also used. This method is one of the most straightforward ways for students to comprehend the strategy of multiplication by grouping.

As you can see in the example below there are 3 equal groups of 2 cookies. Students can use repeated addition to solve a multiplication problem like the one below.

In the classroom teachers can use manipulatives such as; erasers, counters, small blocks, or even drawing on dry erase boards to practice the strategy of grouping and repeated addition.

Teach your student the multiplication strategy grouping using repeated addition

2 + 2 + 2 = 6

Multiplication by Arrays

Second, are arrays. Arrays are an arrangement of objects arranged in rows and columns. 

The arrangement of cookies shown below shows the systematic way to introduce arrays.  The student will first learn a 1 × 4 array, 2 × 4 array, 3 × 4 array, 4 × 4 array, and so on... A larger arrangement of objects can also be broken down into arrays to preform many different types of multiplication, such as properties of multiplication.

Also, making arrays in the classroom can be fun AND engaging for students. Using colorful objects, such as; erasers, counters, and blocks to build arrays can keep all types of learners engaged and ready to learn. 

1 × 4 

2 × 4 

3 × 4 

4 × 4 

Multiplication by Repeated Addition

Third, is repeated addition. We touched on using repeated addition with grouping above when we grouped 2 cookies in groups of three. Both learning using grouping and learning using arrays are complimentary to each other.

Repeated addition is using what students already know about addition to help them solve a multiplication problem.

3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 18

Multiplication by Skip Counting

Last, learning multiplication by number lines uses the next strategy - skip counting. Skip counting is not just for providing students a way to count faster, it also helps them solve multiplication problems.

Starting at 0 students count in intervals until reaching the desired number. Students can also point out the pattern being used when skip counting.

0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30...

Multiplication by Number Lines

Fourth, is learning multiplication by number lines. Students will take "jumps" on the number line. These jumps help students solve  multiplication problems by skip counting.

Number lines are an exceptional way to teach number sense as well. 

  2  4  6  8 10.....                      

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Resources to Teach Multiplication

In conclusion, the 5 strategies to teach multiplication with ease include grouping, arrays, repeated addition, skip counting, and number lines.

I offer several resources in my store that help teach these strategies. Browse the photographs below - each photo is hyper-linked to that resource. You can also buy them bundled in Multiplication Strategies Bundle and save $4.

Buy the BUNDLE and SAVE!

Use these task cards to introduce the 5 strategies of multiplication in your third grade math class. Aligns great with common core and other standards.

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